Cosmetic oil is called a plant extract obtained by cold or hot pressing of a particular plant. The fatty acids in the oils are of great benefit to the skin of the face and body, but not always harmless components are equally useful. The type of epidermis plays a significant role in the choice of oil, and its age and condition are of secondary importance.
Face oil is used primarily to nourish and moisturize the skin; plant extract can be used in tandem with a regular cream or as a separate cosmetic product. The natural components of lipid extracts penetrate into the deeper layers of the epidermis, due to which the effect of using the product is felt more quickly.
Cosmetic compounds are used to care for mature skin - they nourish the epidermis devoid of moisture, affect the synthesis of natural elastin and collagen, without which it is impossible to imagine healthy toned skin.
To give the mature dermis elasticity, heavy and saturated products are used, which contain more antioxidants, fatty acids and phytosterols: avocados, jojoba, argan, evening primrose and roses.
For dehydrated skin you should choose oils like apricot, jojoba, macadamia nut, avocado to normalize and maintain the water balance of the epidermis. For the fatty type of epidermis the basic extracts of jojoba, sweet almonds, tamanu, sasanqua, blackcurrant, esters of tea tree, propolis, orange will become appropriate.
Cosmetic oil allows you to get rid of age spots (age or post-acne).
To solve this problem, cosmetologists recommend using extracts of citrus fruits (orange, lemon, grapefruit), carrots, parsley, vanilla, celery - they bleach new age spots and cope well with already established unsightly imperfections.
Oils are often used in medicine and are used to treat various kinds of skin diseases.
Essential extracts of cinnamon, cloves, oregano and tea tree, the main property of which is the fight against bacteria, help from the fungus. Saturated aromatic compounds have an antiseptic effect on the affected area of the face or body.
Oils are divided into two large groups: base and essential. In turn, the basic, or basic fatty compounds are divided into solid and liquid, depending on their consistency.
- Solid are a dense mix of often a whitish hue with a greasy texture. They are sold in blotters or cans, before applying the product it is recommended to heat a small part of it in a separate bowl - this will simplify its use.
- Liquid the compositions are the most famous and often found - almost all of them have a yellow tint stored in elongated bottles with or without a dispenser.
Basic are used in pure form and act as a solvent for the essential composition and vitamins for the skin. They are used both as a standalone product and as part of cosmetic masks, home skin care products.
Essential products are highly concentrated formulations that are not used in their pure form and serve as an additive to basic products. They allow you to increase the useful properties of base oils and add additional useful elements to its composition.
- Oil moisturizes well and nourishes the skin, regardless of its type;
- It fights the visible and barely noticeable peeling;
- Lipids help regulate sebum production and eliminating excessive oily sheen on the surface of the face;
- Base Oil Components act as a barrier to the epidermis, creating a barely noticeable film on its surface that protects the epidermis from external conditions (wind, rain, snow, temperature changes, UV radiation, dust);
- Basic products are involved in the "work" of the epidermis: renewal, regeneration of its cells, the ethers give additional opportunities and enrich the universal composition;
- Basic affect the quality of the epidermis and are especially indicated for dry and dehydrated skin, as they have a pronounced nutritional effect;
- Some types of basic lipid formulations are indicated for oily and problem skin. - jojoba, grapes, almonds. Fatty extract dries the skin, subject to increased production of sebum and normalizes the further production of sebum with regular use;
- Oils tighten, tone, smooth mature skin.
Cosmetic formulations have the opposite side of the coin - not always their use will benefit one or another skin. A common problem for women after using a greasy composition is clogged pores - a consequence of improperly selected composition for oily or combination skin. Among other contraindications for the use of cosmetic oils for the face, we note the following:
- Natural oils can act as a natural allergen for our skin, and before applying this or that composition, we recommend that you test for an allergic reaction - Apply a little product to the bend of the elbow and evaluate the condition of the skin after 10 minutes;
- Using base oil with a fatty or problematic type of epidermis is not always right: in this case, avoid heavy formulations and limit the use of unrefined oils like coconut and cocoa.
- Any cosmetic oil can cause harm to problem skin, which can clog pores even more. and cause more rashes.
Ethers have an even wider range of restrictions and should not be used when:
- Individual intolerance to the composition, allergies;
- Infectious and inflammatory diseases;
- Nervous breakdown;
- Problems with pressure and heart.
Vegetable oils vary greatly in their effect, which allows you to choose the optimal composition to solve a specific skin problem.
- Nourishing and emollient. Such compounds have a rich texture and are rich in a complex of beneficial fatty acids. Nourishing oils are ideal for dry and dehydrated, mature skin, for the care of the area around the eyes and harder parts of the body, as they can penetrate into the deeper layers of the dermis and retain moisture inside, creating a lipid film on the surface. They are designed to soften keratinized areas on the face or body, in addition, they are well suited for high-quality night nutrition, both separately and together with the usual cream.
Extracts of avocado, peanut, apricot and Brazil nut, melon, cherry, peach, castor, cocoa, coconut, cedar, olive, flaxseed, shea, sunflower seed oil are suitable for derma nutrition.
- Moisturizing. Light oils are indispensable in the care of normal, combination and oily epidermis; they are suitable for any type of skin due to its versatility, cosmetic and medicinal properties. Perfectly moisturize the epidermis extracts of argan and seeds of kiwi, hazelnuts and macadamia nuts.
Their calming effect will appeal to dry and sensitive skin; lipid extracts have a tonic effect and gently moisturize the skin.
- Regenerating. Fucus Oil has regenerative properties and is suitable for the care of mature, dull and damaged skin. It is widely used in cosmetology because it improves the natural production of collagen and elastin. For youth, the epidermis is used milk thistle extract regardless of the natural type of dermis. It significantly inhibits skin aging due to a rich formula, cleanses and nourishes the epidermis well, fights pigmentation and protects against adverse external factors, enhances the healing of damaged skin areas.
Almond oil is a powerful tool to combat imperfect and mature skin, just like corn, sesame, St. John's wort extract.
- Antioxidant. Wheat Germ Extract It has a pronounced antioxidant effect and prevents the loss of elasticity of the epidermis due to the high content of vitamin E.
Tonic extract of grape seed and St. John's wort is used for oily and combination skin types and normalizes the production of sebum, while its use is possible in its pure form without negative consequences.
- Antibacterial. It is impossible to imagine care for combination and oily skin without antibacterial products, which base and essential oils may well be.
Extracts of the seeds of watermelon, walnut, mustard, jojoba, black cumin, tea tree, propolis have anti-inflammatory and disinfecting properties.
Learning to combine correctly
The combination of several types of oils will achieve a wide effect from the application, enhance the effect of the composition and achieve the desired result in a short time.
The only and most important rule for combining oils is that the essential can only be mixed with a base oil or several types of the latter, provided that the resulting mixture is used as an independent product.
Base oils are easily mixed together: preheat the oils and mix them together in a common bowl. The combination of base and essential oils allows you to ensure proper skin care, depending on its type. Consider several options for these combinations according to the type of epidermis:
- Oily skin. As a base, use refined extracts of coconut, cocoa, walnut and hazelnut, watermelon, papaya, frankincense, zucchini and others with antibacterial properties. Their combination of opportunity with essential oils of mint, bergamot, lemon balm, rosemary, parsley, lavender, camphor, clove.
- Dry and dehydrated, age-related dermis. For the base, choose rich textures of oils like olive, apricot, wheat germ, mango, rosehip, cocoa, fig, almond, shea, castor, their combination of possibility with essential extracts of jasmine, vanilla, basil, rose, lily.
We select by skin type
The basic product selection program will help to cope with the epidermis problem: excessive fatness or dryness, wilting or loss of tone, clogging of pores or uneven tone.
Oily and combination skin is the most common type of dermis, which is characterized by increased sebum formation and requires high-quality cleansing, toning and moisturizing. For oily and combination skin, you should choose basic components like apricot, grape seed, jojoba, almond, green coffee, evening primrose, coconut and sea buckthorn extracts.
Essential oils are used to care for oily skin - citrus extracts, oils of rosemary, tea tree, geranium, St. John's wort.
Normal skin is the standard of our time. It, like any other type of dermis, requires no less high-quality care through vegetable oils: almond, peach, shea, wheat germ, hazelnut, cranberry and essential: ylang-ylang, vetiver, lavender, carrot.
Dry skin is characterized by tightness and possible peeling, it requires good nutrition due to vegetable fats of the following oils: macadamia, peach and apricot, shea, almond, walnut, cranberry, raspberry.
Tea tree oil - a saturated essential compound with a pronounced antibacterial effect. It is suitable for combination and oily skin due to antiseptic properties and the ability to regulate the production of sebum, or sebum.
Tea tree ether is used to treat acne, acne and post-acne, rash, too oily skin, insect bites due to bactericidal components.
See more about tea tree oil in the next video.
Argan oil is the most expensive in the world and the most effective in combating dry epidermis. It contains oleic acid and vitamin E, which are involved in the regeneration of cells, their renewal.
Regular use of the argan composition makes it possible to smooth out shallow wrinkles, smooth out the surface of the face by nourishing and saturating the cells with moisture, it protects the epidermis from the harmful effects of external sources and combats the first and already existing signs of skin aging.
For more on the secrets of argan oil, see the next video.
Tiara Oil, or Monoi Extract, excellently protects the skin from UV rays, while the use of rose oil prevents dryness and dehydration of the dermis. Cloudberry seed extract, carrot squeeze and rosemary serve to care for mature skin due to the high content of vitamin E, carotenoids and phytosterols in them.
The best whitening care components are extracts of tsubaki, lavender, amaranth oil. They act in the deeper layers of the dermis and synthesize the production of natural collagen and elastin.
For more on using lavender oil, see the video below.
Burdock extract is considered one of the most affordable formulations to care for any type of dermis. One of its noticeable qualities is softening of the skin, so it is excellent for caring for dry and rough skin, moreover, it is very economical.
Peach oil contains vitamins A, C, B, E, PP, it has the ability to maintain the integrity of skin cells, regulate its tone due to discoloration of age spots, smooth the surface and moisturize well.
The peach seed extract contains fatty acids (linoleic, oleic), iron, phosphorus, potassium, calcium.
You will learn even more about peach oil from the next video.
Vaseline oil used to protect the skin during frosts, amaranth and carrot - for rejuvenation, rosemary - to normalize the lipid balance of the epidermis and reduce excessive production of sebum.
For facial skin care masks are used, which are based on base or essential oils.
For aging skin of the face, chest and even the body, olive oil should be taken as a basis. Mix 2 tablespoons of olive oil, 1 yolk and a little pasty cottage cheese, it is recommended to apply the mixture on a dry or wet surface of the face and leave it for 10-15 minutes.
Mix together olive oil and pre-melted honey in equal proportions, leave the mask on the skin for up to 20 minutes. Another recipe for aging skin is a mixture of olive extract, starch and tomato juice.
Mix grape seed oil with a small portion of green peas and a tablespoon of natural yogurt, whip the products in a blender and apply gruel on clean skin for rejuvenation, apply on the face immediately - the mask dries quickly in the air.
Oily skin requires special care: Masks with the addition of tea tree essential oil are designed to cope with excessive production of sebum. Brew green tea firmly and cool it, add 3-4 drops of essential extract, a little lemon juice, mix thoroughly.
To narrow the pores, dilute the white clay according to the instructions and add a few drops of orange extract, egg white and grapefruit juice to it.
A simple recipe for homemade mask for oily skin - A mixture of any cosmetic clay with a few drops of base oil (linseed, olive, castor, wheat germ) should be spread on the face and décolleté.
For clarification, we recommend adding carrot oil, parsley or tea tree extract to your home mask.
You can use cosmetic extracts as part of masks for the abdomen and other parts of the body that are prone to sagging and dry: apply any of them to a cleaned surface of the body, allow to soak for up to 15 minutes and pat it dry with a dry towel.
Oil is amazing in that it penetrates into the deeper layers of the skin of the face and body.
For a recipe for a face mask using black cumin oil, see the next video.
Chocolate butter is often used for the body, and an increasing number of women are leaving positive reviews about it.
The Spivak brand is famous for its natural base and essential oils - shea, coconut, bay, blackberry seeds, cinnamon. Women note that they often use lipid extracts in their pure form at night and especially in the cold season for improved nutrition and hydration of the skin.