Henna drawings on the hand
Since ancient times, representatives of various peoples, beliefs and cults have associated symbols and images applied to the body in the form of tattoos and drawings with sources that carry certain magical powers and give supernatural powers to its wearer. These elements of mysticism inspired a person with a sense of security. The most popular way of painting the body is mehendi (mehndi).
What is mehendi?
Mehendi (mehndi) is a decoration of the body with drawings using henna dyes. Since ancient times, it has been used by the peoples of India, Asia and Africa as a coloring agent for various purposes and is made from dry leaves of the bush of the Lawson bush.
This dye is especially often used for dyeing hair and drawing on various parts of the body. Henna is also used in medicine - both for pain in the head and joints, and for healing wounds and cleansing the blood. From ancient times, people believed that applying henna to the body of drawings helps to give the body magical powers and preserve health.
This skill originated many thousands of years ago and improved in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. The traditions of body painting were known back in Egypt, India, in Arab and African cultures. According to the patterns applied to the body, it was possible to determine the estate (caste), belonging to a certain religious cult, and even the character of a person, type of activity.
There are several directions in the culture of mehndi. The main ones are:
- Indianin which ornaments are woven from drawings and patterns veiled most intricately (compared to other styles of this art).
- Arab style is the focus of themes using alternating paintings and floral patterns.
- Asian the style is intermediate, combining Indian ornaments and African geometry in its patterns, using floral themes in different variations. Asian style is considered the most feminine.
- African style is characterized by the content of clear chopped patterns with floral decorations.
Five thousand years ago in Egypt, representatives of rich births applied henna patterns to the face and body. The lovers of painting themselves were both men and women. Murals then served both for decoration and for ritual purposes. They adorned the bodies of the pharaohs, sending them to another world, as well as parts of the bodies of priests, causing certain ornaments according to religious rites. Heroes and criminals were also decorated with sacred drawings, predicting their future life path.
At first, natural henna powder was used as a dye, because of which the applied paintings were only brown and reddish tones. Then, wood ash was added to the henna, which added black to the palette and gray shades.
Since ancient times, hands have been considered the most magical place to place mehndi, which is especially attractive for modern fashionistas who successfully combine mystical components with aesthetic pleasure.
In the modern world, the significance of the cult component of drawings and symbols began to increase - largely due to the influence of representatives of pop culture, covering their bodies with henna drawings.
Temporary tattoos have become a very important attribute for women.
Why is henna painted?
The beauty of the paintings, the saturation of colors and the mystical meaning inherent in ancient symbols and drawings are very attractive to modern man. Mehndi now combines modern ornaments and drawings with themes of the cult magic paintings of antiquity.
Both ceremonial and mourning ceremonies in the cultures of India and the East cannot do without mehendi. In India, the attitude to wedding ornaments is special. It is believed there: the more complicated and confusing the pattern, the happier the family life will be. There is even a tradition when a young spouse does not do homework until the wedding painting comes off so as not to frighten off family well-being.
Many Russian and European brides, adopting fashion for mehendi, began to decorate their bodies with wedding patterns. In this case, the most intensively used coloring is in white, often alternating with dots and lines in black. Black shades are achieved by mixing ash in henna.
Natural henna of white color does not exist in nature, therefore, for the wedding pattern, a mixture of white acrylic hypoallergenic paint and special glue is used. Such a solution does not penetrate the upper layer of the skin (unlike henna), and the pattern lasts no more than two days, and often disappears after the first wedding night.
It is required to apply such a painting on clean fat-free skin, after which you cannot use oils, creams and lotions that can erase the picture. To strengthen and protect it is advisable to apply hairspray on the surface.
In addition, the marital ornament on the female body itself should include certain signs, including symbols of fertility, procreation, well-being. Part of such a “war paint” of the bride is intended for contemplation by others, including protection from the evil eye, and the hidden part decorating intimate places is a gift only to the groom.
The popularity of mehendi art is also due to the fact that temporary drawings of henna can be periodically updated (as opposed to permanent tattoos) - in place of the old paintings, apply new ones that correspond to a specific situation or mood.
Drawing henna is harmless and painless.
Henna painting is quite resistant to environmental influences and lasts up to three weeks on the body. Although the stability of the pattern depends on many factors: skin type, selected dye, weather conditions, body area.
When drawing on the body with henna, there are no fears that arise when applying permanent tattoos (introducing various infections and infections). Henna itself is a natural anti-inflammatory and anti-allergenic drug. It softens and restores the skin.
After henna, there are no allergic reactions, but when choosing a dye for painting the body, you need to make sure that it does not contain artificial additives.
The value of the mural zone
Before using mehendi, it is advisable to understand that in Indian and Eastern cultures this art is treated with awe, believing that not only the paintings themselves have magical powers, but also forces can only be found in certain parts of the body.
Places for applying magic symbols and ritual patterns are selected on areas of the skin with a large number of nerve endings that coincide with the chakras, which are interpreted in Indian teachings as energy centers of human spirituality. These are the hands and forearms of the hands, feet and lower legs.
Drawings that have an intimate or sacred meaning are made on the back of the hands: on the palms and fingers from the folds, as well as on the wrists. These places are hidden from prying eyes, so you can feel comfortable even in strict official situations.
The modest pattern or inscription on the wrist looks elegantly on the hands, as well as the aristocratic composition, consisting of drawings and ornaments, smoothly transitioning from the fingertips to the shoulder frame. This design of the hand is called "sleeve".
A fully painted hand does not look defiant, although slightly extravagant. This makes the image of the wearer unforgettable - especially if this composition is located on one arm, right or left. Where to apply - depends only on the compatibility with the outfit and the preferences of the woman. At the same time, it is important that the plot of this ornament consist of harmoniously interconnected images united in a single theme. Sometimes in such designs whole messages are encrypted.
What do popular characters mean?
When applying mehndi on hands, not only beautiful drawings are used, but also signs and paintings that have sacred meaning. In this case, a whole composition can be created from drawings, symbols and ornaments that harmoniously complement each other and convey certain protective qualities to their owner.
A sleeve type composition is when a part of the body is covered in full or in part by a pattern. A painting of this type can be a combination of patterns and symbols dedicated to one topic. In this case, only some symbols that smoothly flow into the general scheme carry a charge of magical energy.
If you are going to apply any symbols or drawings to the body, it is advisable to find out their significance in various cultures. The most common symbols that carry hidden meanings are:
- Owl - the image of this nocturnal winged predator is associated with wisdom and power. Owl is represented in many ancient religions as a connection between the human and other worlds.
- Pen - An ancient tattoo that has several meanings. The whole pen pointing up - spirituality, love of freedom, creativity and willpower; broken feather - collapsed hopes; feather hovering over palms - sadness and parting.
- The Dragon - boldness, power and strength.
- Flowers - in different variations are an emphasis on femininity, sophistication and a rich spiritual world.
- Birds - personify freedom of love, thirst for life, swiftness in actions, desire for a dream.
- Cat - since ancient times, such a tattoo was applied to priestesses and worthy representatives of the female sex, so this animal was considered sacred (especially in ancient Egypt) and personified the divine essence.
- Crown - power, self-esteem, greatness and leadership.
- Butterfly - health, luck, ease.
- Wolf - decisiveness, courage, willpower, determination, self-sacrifice in the name of the family.
- the Rose - external and internal beauty, love, passion.
Picture "Mandala" is more than just a symbol. It carries a sacred understanding of the very structure of the world. The bearer of such a sign must correspond to the wisdom inherent in it, so as not to look ridiculous in the eyes of others. One must realize that this is not a drawing, but a kind of world diagram described by the sages of Tibet, India and China, which carries the concept of the unity of cosmic energy in unity with man. The mandala shows energy interaction throughout the cosmos.
Dreamcatcher - Keeps in a dream from evil spirits and bad dreams. It was originally a talisman of the American Indians and was created in the form of a talisman woven from a willow ring, bird feathers and threads in the form of a woven web. Then this talisman began to be depicted in mehndi and tattoos. It is believed that the owner of such a pattern or amulet is the master of his fate, which is not subject to influence on his consciousness.
Both among men and women it is popular animal theme. Many animals in different civilizations and cultures are compared with certain characteristic human features. Usually, everyone puts on his body an image of that animal with which he identifies himself.
It should be noted that drawings with animals are most often applied to the forearms and shoulders. Moreover, a certain set of images of animals, birds, insects and reptiles in various variations may have different meanings.
How to make a pattern at home?
First you need to purchase the very natural henna for mehendi in one of the specialized salons. If this is not possible, then a hair dye sold in each cosmetic store is suitable.
There are a lot of recipes for preparing the material itself, but the oldest of them are still used by mehendi masters:
- Strong black tea is brewed and filtered.
- In approximately 100 g of this tea, two tablespoons of sugar are added and thoroughly mixed with the juice of one lemon.
- Henna is added to this mixture, stirring evenly and adjusted to a sour cream consistency.
- The solution is infused for about 20 minutes.
The process of drawing on the body with henna at home is not very complicated, but it requires preliminary preparation and consists of the following main steps, which can be described step by step.
It consists in the following: before the drawing process, the skin is cleaned of impurities and degreased with alcohol lotion. The hairline is removed from the intended area.
Preparation of material and cone
First, the dye itself is prepared (according to the above method). Then, the prepared solution is placed in a cone with a sharp tip, which is easy to make from thick paper folded under a cone into a tube. Recently, instead of a cone, medical syringes without a needle or with a shortened needle have often been used.
- A stencil is being prepared for the intended theme, which is either purchased at the store or made independently. Most often, at the first stage of such creativity, stencils are ordered from professional artists.
- The prepared dye must be applied through a stencil - using a cone or a special brush. This should be done in stages, in thin layers, allowing the first layer to dry first. The finished drawing dries about 9 hours.
- Smeared areas should be immediately wiped with a swab dipped in warm water. Then these sections are drawn again.
It must be remembered that the correct imposition and removal of the stencil is the key to a clear picture. In order for the painting to be saturated and not smeared, the following rules must be followed:
- apply a stencil, tightly fixing on the skin;
- remove the template only after the top layer has dried.
How to wash off henna?
If you need to fix the pattern during the manufacturing process, then you need to remove a fresh layer of dye from the skin first with cotton wool, and then wash the area with warm water and soap. You can use a swab previously moistened with an alcohol solution.
Fresh tattoo can be removed with vinegar. After using vinegar, the skin will have to be washed with water. After using alcohol-containing solutions to flush, the skin must be moistened with a cream.
If the body painting has already dried up, then it will be more difficult to remove it, since dyes based on henna penetrate deep enough under the skin. In this case, one of the following methods will help:
- A bath with hot water, which must be taken several times using a washcloth with detergent (or use laundry soap that is applied to the toothbrush).
- The use of sea salt (especially if the tattoo is applied to the skin of the hands) in the form of salt hot baths. In other cases, it is advisable to use gauze masks moistened with saline. You need to attach a mask to the tattoo and wrap this place with cling film.
- The use of paste from a mixture of baking soda and lemon. Mix two tablespoons of soda with the juice of one lemon. Apply this mixture to the drawing and hold for 10-15 minutes. Then wash the place with warm water and soap, while using a hand scrub.
- You can also use hydrogen peroxide and warm vegetable oil.
Using any of these methods to remove dye from a skin site, you need to realize that the skin after this requires immediate hydration. To do this, use any moisturizer.
Fashionable sketches for beginners
For those who are at the core of understanding the art of mehendi, patience is required for constant training.You should start your way with interesting ideas, using simple and easy sketches.
Indian masters begin to teach their students with line drawing, tubercles and various curlicues, gradually moving on to creating simple drawings and patterns. Simple beautiful inscriptions from curls and weaves, as well as small flowers will look unobtrusively on both women's wrists and on the forearms, ankles and hands of girls. At the same time, flowers and inscriptions can be combined into small compositions.
For boys and girls, there are options for simple mehndi tattoos with hearts, inscriptions and flowers, as well as simplified images of movie characters. These sketches are realized through special decals.
Male brutal tattoos are very complex and require the approach of professional masters. However, prefabricated dies, consisting of individual elements, have now appeared on the market. Using such designer mehndi sets, you can create small but very complex compositions for men - in the form of animals, inscriptions (including hieroglyphs) and various ornaments.
Gradually, from simple sketches you can create more complex ones, honing your skills and developing your own style. Only in this way can we move from templates to personality.
One can believe or not believe in the mystical charms of symbolic drawings of mehendi, but the fact that this art, having survived the ups and downs, today is relevant and revered among different ages and walks of life - it is indisputable. It gives us aesthetic pleasure, like other forms of art.
About how to draw a mehendi mandala on a hand - in the next video