How to clean the bath?
Even the best housewives every day are faced with the need to clean, wash, wipe or remove suddenly formed spots. This article will consider the phased cleaning of one of the main rooms in each house, the bathroom, and, in particular, the bathtub directly.
To begin, consider the main types of plumbing from various materials and their brief characteristics.
According to the material of manufacture, the following types of bathtubs can be classified:
- Cast iron. Bathrooms made of this material are durable, which is why cast iron bowls have the longest service life. They hold heat well, are resistant to high temperatures. It is very simple to look after such plumbing, as the enameled coating does not contain pores and is resistant to many chemical influences. The only negative is that the enamel can crack with a strong blow, and in this case it will be difficult to restore.
- Steel. This type of bathtubs is quite durable, light in weight and resistant to the formation of contaminants. The heat capacity is small. But on steel baths there are almost no stains from accidentally dropped cigarette ash or a lit match (which can not be said about acrylic). The enamel in these baths does not turn yellow. The main disadvantage is the same as that of cast-iron: the enamel coating is not resistant to high impact shocks.
- Acrylic. The polymeric material is characterized by high ductility, with a sudden drop in the subject, the enamel does not crack. Also, on the acrylic surface with regular care, bacteria practically do not multiply. The water in it remains warm for a very long time. It is enough to rinse the bathroom after each use, and it will be always clean. Deficiencies can appear only with improper use of plumbing. Also, it does not withstand temperatures above 60 degrees.
- From cast and natural stone. Such bathtubs made of artificial and natural stone are durable and last long. They are resistant to chemical influences, but they can only be cleaned with soft sponges with soap. Also require careful handling to prevent scratching.
- Ceramic bathtubs are durable, resistant to scratches, bacteria and stains. They are easy to wash by any means, since the cermet coating is resistant to any chemical attack, including constant contact with poor quality tap water. The most noticeable drawback is their fragility during improper and careless handling.
- Bathtubs made of modern materials (Xonix, Quaril) have almost the same characteristics as acrylic and ceramic bathtubs regarding their surface care.
- With hydromassage. Bathtubs of this type are made of different materials. Massage effect is achieved with the help of nozzles, from which either air bubbles or water jets or a combination of them enter the container.
Effective cleaning methods
Not always enough energy and time to monitor the cleanliness of the bath daily. Often it is used for other purposes. They wash, wash animals, soak clothes, wash shoes and large items. It should be noted that the cleaning of white acrylic bathtubs requires specially selected products due to the specific coating.
But first, consider all types and causes of pollution that may occur for a long time on the surface of the bathroom:
- Limescale. It arises because of the hard tap water, which contains magnesium and calcium salts, - it is they that, getting on the surface of the bath, form ugly whitish stains, depriving it of a radiant shine. Therefore, this type of contamination is best washed with acid-containing agents.
- Rust. Appears due to the increased content of iron in water. Most often in places of constant contact with water - at faucets, drain holes and next to them. Yellow rust stains are difficult to clean.
- Yellowness on the enamel of the bathroom and other bathroom objects is formed due to a dirty pipe. Flowing along it, water carries various acids that settle on the surfaces, forming a coating.
- Special types of pollution. These contaminants are the consequences of repairs, careless handling of coloring substances: potassium permanganate, iodine, green paint, hair dye, coloring balms, blueberry juice. Also, smoldering cigarette ash and mold can be attributed to such species.
- Soapy coating. It is formed from constant contact with chemical compounds of soap, shampoos, shower gels.
- Regular plaque. It is a combination of particles of skin, fat, sweat and soap suds washed off from the human body and forms peculiar “flakes”. It is easy to cope with such a coating if you regularly clean the bathroom after each wash with a warm shower and a soft cloth with a small amount of dishwashing detergent or laundry soap.
- Old enamel surface. Such enamel is covered with microcracks, in which various impurities constantly fall, which makes the bathtub look untidy. In this case, washing the bath will not be easy, but possible.
If all household chemicals in the house have run out, ordinary citric acid can be used to quickly clean the container. The process itself will take about half an hour. This is the exposure time of the product on the surface of the bath.
To prepare it in an enameled or plastic container, you need to mix two tablespoons of dry crystals of citric acid (about one sachet), which any housewife has, and 0.5 liter water. Then apply the solution with a soft sponge over the entire surface, after closing the drain device. Hands must be protected with gloves. You can also cover the bath with acid-soaked napkins. When the exposure time has passed, simply rinse it with water. Citric acid removes yellow and limescale well. If necessary, the procedure can be repeated as many times as necessary.
If the bath is very dirty, then washing it quickly to a snow-white state at home is also possible. But this will require a little more time, because the work will have to be done in several stages.
First you need to prepare a special slurry. To do this, mix ordinary baking soda and soda ash in equal proportions. Then dilute the mixture with a small amount of water until a semi-liquid paste forms. There is baking soda in every kitchen, and soda ash can be purchased at a hardware store or household chemistry department. This is the simplest cleaning agent.
Then it is necessary to moisten the walls and the bottom of the bath with plenty of water and apply the prepared compound evenly with a soft sponge. After 10 minutes, without rinsing anything, apply a mixture of vinegar and bleach. These ingredients are also taken in equal proportions. Vinegar can be taken the most ordinary, table, 9%. Bleach - “Persol”, Ace, “Bos”, “White”, Vanish and other powdery bleaches, which can be purchased at any store for a small price. Leave for half an hour.
Then use a sponge to wipe the entire bath and rinse thoroughly with water. When working with vinegar, it is better to protect a person with a cotton-gauze bandage. After such cleaning, even the dirtiest bath will shine clean.
The material from which these baths are made is a plastic polymer. In fact, it is a plastic with significant hardness. Acrylic has a wide range of uses, including its use for the manufacture of bathtubs.
Pros of acrylic bathtubs:
- relatively low price;
- high heat capacity;
- non-slip surface;
- some models are available with anti-slip coating (antislip);
- resistance to strong blows;
- simplicity in daily care;
- the possibility of restoration with your own hands;
- diverse design.
- instability to chemical and high temperature influences;
- scratches appear from any hard objects.
You should also consider the fact that not every acrylic bathtub offered in stores at a low price will have all the described advantages in use. It can be just plastic or acrylic of very poor quality, which will fade after a week of active use.
Based on the above characteristics, we can conclude that acrylic bathtubs need special and thorough care. They are sensitive to any aggressive chemicals, therefore, you can use them only with special cleaners, which do not include chlorine, acids, alkalis, alcohols, ammonia, formaldehydes, powder granules.
After each wash, wipe the entire surface dry. It is possible to clean the bath using special creamy household chemicals no more than once every 2 weeks.
The most comfortable temperature is about 45 degrees; at a water temperature of 50-60 degrees and above, the walls and bottom of the bathtub can be deformed.
From the means of the mass market, you can use sprays and mild detergents for washing, polishing, cleaning from rust, water stone, and hygienic treatment. You can also find universal tools that combine components that fight all types of pollution, for example:
- Ravak. A line of Czech-German products with a wide spectrum of action. It will help to wash off grease, water stone and especially strong dirt without damaging acrylic. This is an expensive import tool.
- Triton Acrylic cleaner. A relatively new tool for acrylic, plastic and chrome surfaces from a domestic manufacturer. The composition includes water, PVA 5%, organic acids, antiseptics. Removes grease, limescale, rust. After application, the bath will shine. Easy to spray on the surface of the bath, leave the product for 10 minutes, then rinse with a sponge. The cost is average.
- Acrylan. The composition of the product includes citric acid and surface-active chemicals (surfactants), which are not harmful to the acrylic surface. It has a cleaning and disinfecting effect. Also suitable for sanitary ceramics, tiles in the bathroom and glass. It has a convenient spray gun that allows you to spray both foam and liquid jets. The tool is quick-acting, it must be washed off almost immediately after application. It must not be left to dry completely. Forms a protective film on acrylic that prevents the formation of plaque and rust. Of the minuses of the product, one can note its unpleasant smell and a relatively high price.
- Cif. An affordable, creamy product suitable for acrylic. The composition does not have strong abrasive components, easy to use, cleans various surfaces. Of the minuses - does not remove persistent pollution.
- Bass. Gel disinfectant and cleanser. It contains weak acids, therefore it is better not to leave the product on the surface for a long time. You can use it only on problem areas, wiping with a soft sponge after application, then rinse with water.
- Frosch. A natural remedy based on grape acid that can be sprayed onto the surface of the bath while protecting your hands with gloves. The exposure time is from 10 to 20 minutes, depending on the pollution. Suitable for families with children and allergy sufferers.
- "Mr. Chister." The composition of the product includes nonionic surfactants 5%, citric acid, antibacterial components, acrylic copolymer, sodium citrate. Bottle with spray dispenser. The maximum exposure time is 2-3 minutes, after which you need to wipe with a soft cloth and rinse thoroughly with water. Of the minuses - a pungent odor. You also need to work while protecting your hands.
- L. O. C. Amway. The product does not contain abrasives, it contains no acids and chlorine, so it is suitable for people with allergies to chemistry. The tool copes with pollution well, economically consumed. Of the minuses - a fairly high price.
- Folk remedies. Acrylic baths can be washed using table vinegar or citric acid. But the concentration should be very small. It is better to fill the bath and dissolve a small amount of vinegar or citric acid in it and leave it for 10-12 hours. The concentration of vinegar is 1: 50 or 0.5: 50. Then drain the water and rinse the bath with water, then wipe it dry.
You can also simply wipe the surface with lemon juice or make a “cream” at home by mixing soap swelled in water with a little soda and a drop of essential oil.
When cleaning acrylic bathtubs, you can not use hard and especially metal sponges, brushes with artificial bristles and any abrasive materials.
Do not soak laundry in acrylic bathtubs, as hard parts can damage it, and bright fabrics can fade and stain the surface. If you need to wash it by hand, you need to put a rubber or silicone mat on the bottom of the bathtub, which will not allow the basins to scratch the bottom. Do not bathe animals for the same reasons - the surface may be damaged by their claws.
If scratches and plaque still appear and they cannot be polished with felt, you can purchase a special liquid acrylic for DIY repair. Such acrylic can be bought in a special kit for the restoration of the coating of acrylic bathtubs. Attached is an instruction. The substance is applied to the surface of the bath, evenly distributed, after some time, the process of polishing is carried out manually.
Cast iron and steel
The enameled coating of cast iron and steel baths is a material that includes glass. Such surfaces tolerate an alkaline environment worse than a solution of weak acids. Therefore, if the enamel of the bath has faded, the care product was chosen incorrectly.
Cast iron and steel containers, like acrylic, should be washed after each use and then wiped dry to keep the surface smooth and shiny. If there are no strong contaminants, it is enough to simply wash the surface with warm water from the shower.
It should be noted that old and new baths are not recommended to be cleaned with chemicals with chlorine, harsh abrasives and acids, and it is also impossible to wash with compounds that are available for bathrooms.
Folk cleaning methods at home have been discussed above, and as for the mass market, here you can highlight soft products for periodic cleaning and those that include chemically active components to remove stubborn dirt. Among them are:
- "Sanox Gel" company "Stork" - it contains oxalic acid, so they can wipe away the most old rust spots, but it can not be used regularly, as this acid spoils the enamel over time.
- Cillit bang - A means for regular washing of the bath, but it is better to deal with water stone and rust in other ways.
- Cif "Ultra White" - gel cleaner and bleach.
- Comet "7 days of purity" - universal gel for bath, plumbing and kitchen. Removes stubborn dirt.
- "Pemolux Soda 5". Proven product made from soda and marble chips, suitable for old cast-iron bathtubs.
Such bathtubs are most often made of acrylic; it is more plastic and cheaper than artificial and natural stone.
A special pump pumps water from the bathtub, then it passes through nozzles (jets), - round holes on the surface, and again emerges with jets outside, creating a massage effect. Jets accumulate bacteria and mold over time.
It is enough to wash the container regularly with special products without abrasives that are suitable for acrylic.It is also necessary to clean the entire hydromassage system regularly, after each wash. Not all bathtubs have automatic disinfection, so you need to wash the nozzles from dirt yourself. To do this, pour a full bath of water and pour disinfectant into it, then turn on the system. After some time, necessary for cleaning, it must be turned off, drain the water. Then re-fill the bath and turn on the hydromassage for 5-10 minutes to wash off the rest of the product.
If the system is still contaminated, then you can clean it in the same way with the addition of a tablet-cleaner for cleaning the dishwasher along with a disinfector.
Home Remedies and Compounds
If there is enough time to clean the bath, you can use one of many different folk remedies. The choice of method and means of cleaning the bath should be determined by the type of stain or coating, the degree of contamination and the material from which its bowl is made.
Fixed assets from stubborn dirt that are in every house:
- soda (baking and soda ash);
- lemon acid;
- laundry soap solution;
- ammonia (gives shine to enameled surfaces);
- dishwashing liquid;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- cream of tartar;
To make the bath shine, you can clean it with one vinegar, dampening paper towels in it first. They should be laid out on the surface of the bath and left for several hours. This method is suitable for relatively new bathtubs. Enamel will become much whiter.
It is also recommended that after this procedure, treat the container with a soda solution to restore the acid-base balance.
Rusty spots and yellow deposits can be removed with a mixture of wine vinegar and coarse salt. To do this, mix 100 milliliters of vinegar and a tablespoon of salt. Heat the mixture to 65 degrees and apply it on a stain, leave for 20-30 minutes. Then rinse with water. Salt can be used in combination with turpentine. The mixture does not need to be heated. Just apply for 20-30 minutes on a rusty surface, then rinse with water.
Stains with stable rust can also be cleaned with hydrogen peroxide. This liquid has no color, and the peroxides contained in it perfectly cope with yellow plaque.
To effectively remove limescale and give a shine to the surface, you need to mix 150 milliliters of ammonia and 50 milliliters of hydrogen peroxide. In a glass container, leave this mixture for 10 minutes. Then moisten the sponge with a product and wipe the entire bath vigorously using gloves and a face bandage. Then rinse with a stream of water. This composition will give the bath a radiant shine.
Red spots can be removed with a mixture of tartar, hydrogen peroxide and any mild detergent. Tartar is used in cooking for baking and mousses, and the acidic potassium salt that it contains is suitable for cleaning the bath. You need to take 300 grams of mild detergent, 70 milliliters of hydrogen peroxide and 5 grams of tartar. Only mix areas of severe contamination with a mixture. Leave no more than 30 minutes. Such a tool is best stored at low temperature in a sealed container.
A solution of laundry soap and a few milliliters of ammonia will help to wash all kinds of stains. Also, soap chips dissolved in water can be used with soda to remove limescale.
Coca-Cola contains carbonic acid. This drink has no unpleasant odor and does not irritate the skin, so hands and face do not need to be protected. Coca-Cola helps to cope with lime deposits, remove rust from the surface of the sink, bathtub, toilet and tile, as well as the faucet and faucets. To do this is very simple - you need to moisten a soft cloth or sponge with this drink and wipe the surface. Repeat the procedure if necessary. Plaque from the bathroom can be cleaned as follows: pour the drink inside and close the toilet lid on top. After an hour, just clean it with a brush.
The rust bath can be cleaned with towels moistened with sparkling water. They need to be decomposed in places of accumulation of rust and left for two hours, periodically additionally wetting the fabric with a drink. Coca-Cola can also be used to prevent blockages in the pipeline.
Useful tips if unexpected contamination occurs:
- Potassium permanganate from the bath can be effectively washed with citric, acetic or oxalic acid at a concentration of 10%. You need to work carefully. The stain from potassium permanganate is poured with a solution for 5 minutes, then the place is thoroughly washed with water. Peroxide with acetic acid is also suitable. You need to mix them, apply on a cotton wool and rub the stain. Such a tool removes old spots.
- You can try to clean the bath enamel from blueberries with bleach mixed with washing powder, which is applied to a sponge and rubbed into a stain, then washed off with water.
Room cleaning features
Having coped with cleaning the bath, you can proceed to the rest of the plumbing and accessories. The polyester bath curtain must be washed regularly. You need to wash them on a delicate mode in a washing machine without spinning. Then they can be dried by hanging in the bathroom.
Glass surfaces must be cleaned with special sprays that remove grease and deposits. Then wipe thoroughly with dry newspaper / paper.
Ceramic tiles can be cleaned with a solution of vinegar and water, then wipe the grooves with chalk. The second option is to wipe with a damp cloth, on which soda and crumbled chalk are poured.
The tile is better washed with a brush with natural soft bristles. A matte floor tile with an anti-slip coating is washed with special emulsion products, and then rubbed with a means to maintain color, glossy tiles must be wiped with vinegar or ammonia for shine and brightness.
Nickel-plated taps and surfaces from stains can be cleaned by wiping them with a weak solution of citric acid or just a lemon peel.
After the walls and floor have been washed, they also need to be wiped dry with a microfiber cloth, a towel with a crumpled pile, or a bamboo cloth.
The ceiling in the bathroom can be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner or a mop. If it is tensioned and consists of plastic panels, then to wash it, it is not recommended to use abrasive sponges and acetone-based products, otherwise the surface will fade, stains will appear.
You need to wash the plastic ceiling on a stable stepladder or platform. You will also need a mop for washing windows, a spray for cleaning glass surfaces, a dry absorbent rag, a soft sponge and a water container. First, with a mop, you need to clean the ceiling of dust, then moisten the surface with a warm soapy solution or spray and gently wipe off any dirt, preventing the ceiling from drying out. Then wipe dry and remove moisture in the corners with a dry sponge.
If the ceiling panels are very dirty, you need to dismantle the entire structure and wash each panel separately, and then wash the frame, floor slab. Upon completion, everything is installed in place.
How to wash after repair?
When installing a new bath, you can immediately mount a special anti-lime filter, which will soften the water and prevent the formation of plaque.
Building dust will be easier to wash if you add a few tablespoons of vegetable oil to a bucket of warm water. This will quickly collect cement dust, dirt and fine debris. After that, you need to wash the walls, floor and ceiling with a cleaning agent, then rinse and wipe dry.
If there are stains on the tile, you can wipe them off with:
- a large amount of water;
- acetone, flushing, then apply a fresh primer (if spots are on the floor);
- a rubber spatula or cloth (if the solution is fresh);
- epoxy solvent;
- glue solvent or water with vinegar or ammonia.
Stains of paint on the tiles can be washed with solvent applied to a piece of fabric. It is put on a contaminated place and covered with a film. Then, after about half an hour, the swollen residues are removed with a spatula or tinder with a dense rubber sponge.
Faucets and faucets and showers can be washed with a soap solution based on, for example, dishwashing gel. In no case can chrome-plated surfaces be washed with acid-containing products - stains will appear, plumbing will be damaged.
Strong smudges of paint can be removed from the surface of the bath by a mechanical method - with a blade or an office knife, but this must be done very carefully so as not to scratch the metal.
Glue stains can be removed by pouring hot water into the bath. It must be left in the bath for 24 hours, and then gently wiped with the hard side of the sponge.
See how to clean a cast iron bathtub from plaque at home in the next video.