Tent fabric: features, varieties and choices
Rest in the country is a favorite pastime of residents of megacities who are deprived of the opportunity of daily communication with nature. With the onset of the first warm days, the townspeople leave their homes with their entire families in order not only to enjoy barbecue, but also to replenish the vital energy from plants and trees. Travel backpackers should have food supplies, kitchen utensils, as well as tents, sleeping bags and tents that will protect from rain, wind and sun, especially if the trip lasts more than one day.
Experienced tourists recommend carefully studying the material from which they are made, and its features, before purchasing tents. Indeed, the comfort and convenience of rest depends on the tent fabric.
Tent fabric is a unique fabric from which extremely durable products are made. Produce goods of this group in accordance with GOST 7297-90. When choosing a product should take into account its characteristics:
- type of material;
- type of weaving threads;
- density of weaving;
- fiber thickness;
- the presence of waterproof and water-repellent impregnation.
For the manufacture of tent material can be used both natural and synthetic raw materials. Products for the production of which only natural raw materials are used are the safest for people, do not provoke the development of various dangerous diseases, create the most favorable microclimate inside the structure. But they also pass moisture and absorb it, which negatively affects their operation.
For the manufacture of artificial materials using synthetic raw materials.
- Polyamide used for the manufacture of nylon and nylon. Advantages - high level of strength, low weight, affordable price range, resistance to moisture and mechanical damage. Disadvantages - an increase in size when wet, low resistance to ultraviolet radiation.
- Polyester - raw materials for the production of polyester and lavsan. Products from this material not only include all the positive qualities of polyamide, but also do not let in sunlight and retain their shape when wet. The disadvantage is the high price.
The strength of the product depends on the density of the material. Manufacturers mark this value with the letter T. Different parts of the product must have different densities:
- upper layer - not less than 250 T, and for mountain equipment 450 T;
- the inside - 170 T;
- floor - not less than 350 T.
The presence of additional reinforcement not only increases the strength of the material, but also increases its reliability and period of operation. A feature of the canvas is the presence of drawings of geometric figures, the edges of which will not allow the gap to spread beyond its borders.
Hygroscopicity is one of the most important indicators, which indicates the level of water resistance of the canvas. The moisture resistance of the upper web should be in the range from 2500 to 4000 mm, and for the floor from 5000 to 10000 mm.
To increase the resistance of the material to moisture, manufacturers apply a layer of polyurethane to the product.
For the manufacture of tent material, manufacturers use a unique technology of weaving yarns, in which thick warp threads are strongly twisted.
The manufacturer must inform the buyer about all the characteristics and parameters of the product in special certification and authorization documents.
Types of materials
Innovative technologies and modern equipment enable manufacturers to produce several types of fabric for tents, awnings, awnings and tents. They are classified into tent and tent.
Awning canvas belongs to the most durable materials, which are made of polyester, and the cells are filled with plasticized polyvinyl chloride.
The polyester of the tent fabric has a thinner and more flexible structure, which consists of the following layers:
- outdoor (two types) - polyester or nylon;
- average - colorless polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride.
Depending on the density, specialists distinguish several types of tent fabric.
- Oxford - material whose density can reach 1700 g / m2. Manufacturers use polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride as a waterproof coating. Advantages - high strength and elasticity. Disadvantages - low level of thermal stability, the occurrence of electrostatic charges. The fabric made of polyester additionally has light and heat resistance.
- Taffeta - fabric for the manufacture of which polyester and nylon threads are used. As a protective layer, polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride is used. Advantages - resistance to chemicals and pollution. Features of nylon fabric - a high level of water resistance, resistance to mechanical damage and wear, as well as low hygroscopicity and the occurrence of static discharges.
Features of the polyester material - a low level of strength and elasticity, long-term preservation of shape and constant air exchange.
- Teflon-coated cotton - a very thin fabric, which consists of two layers: the outer one is made of cotton, the inner one is teflon. The main area of application is the manufacture of awnings, outdoor gazebos, covers for cars and furniture, as well as tablecloths and bedspreads.
- Raincoat fabric - The thinnest polyester fabric, which is used to make game tents and shelters for fishermen. To increase the level of heat resistance and hygroscopicity, manufacturers additionally use membranes. Products from this material are not intended for prolonged use on the street due to the low resistance to mechanical damage and possible deformation.
- Greta - fabric that is made of polyester using twill weaving. This connection of threads forms diagonal scars, which significantly increase the strength and waterproofness of the material. Advantages - lack of shrinkage, creasing and burning out, resistance to pollution and quick cleaning from dust and dirt.
- Monaco - A unique material that is specially designed for tents and tents. The canvas completely does not let water, wind and sunlight pass, and also has a high density and low weight. Products from this material can be painted, applied decorative drawings and decorated with hand-painted.
Manufacturers recommend paying attention to new and more advanced types of fabrics - acrylic, taslan and polyethylene.
How to choose?
On the shelves of specialized stores you can find a huge assortment of tent fabrics that differ in properties, price, purpose and country of production. Manufacturers produce fabrics for summer and winter tents, as well as for camping baths. Quality products from the tent fabric should have the following properties:
- protection against water, wind and low temperatures;
- affordable price range;
- resistance to aggressive environmental influences and sharp temperature drops;
- preservation of integrity under the influence of sunlight and moisture;
- no transmission of sunlight;
- the presence of a small mass and a minimum size after folding;
- environmental safety and lack of toxic substances;
- long period of operation and resistance to mechanical damage;
- quick assembly and disassembly;
- long preservation of color and saturation of shades;
- high level of thermal protection;
- resistance to dirt and dust;
- sound wave reduction;
- resistance to fire;
- quick removal of all types of contamination without special cleaning agents.
When buying hiking products, you need to carefully inspect all the seams that should not have holes from the needle and be glued with a special tape. A product with small holes will not only leak moisture, but will quickly burst.
Signs of quality tent fabric:
- the presence of a matte front surface and a shiny inner;
- lack of hairiness and shaggy;
- the presence of impregnating agents only on the surface of the threads.
Specialists recommend buying tent material only from large sellers who work directly with manufacturers and have all the documents for the product. The purchase of goods of dubious quality will have a negative impact not only on the quality of future products, but also on the health of their owners. Quality goods cannot have a low price.
In order for the purchased products to remain attractive for a long time and meet all sanitary and hygienic requirements, experts recommend that you carefully study the rules for care of the tent fabric.
To remove contaminants from tourist and garden products, they must be washed in a timely and regular manner. Small tents and sleeping bags can be washed in automatic washing machines in the hand wash mode, but voluminous linens need to be washed by hand. Beginning housewives before washing should know that the fabric for tents sits down, therefore You can soak it in water, the temperature of which does not exceed +40 degrees Celsius.
For washing, you can use laundry soap, baby detergent or shampoo. It is strictly forbidden to use detergents that contain alkalis, acids and oxidizing agents, as well as stain removers and bleaches that violate the integrity of polyester fibers.
To prevent deformation of the fabric, its rapid wear and removal of the protective layer, rubbing the product should only be in urgent need, and it is better to generally avoid this manipulation. For the first rinse, you can use warm water, and for the second - only cold. The material does not need to be twisted and wound, it can simply be hung on clothesline in a place protected from sunlight.
In high-quality products, the effect of creasing is practically absent. But if wrinkles appear after washing, they can be carefully removed using a household iron heated to a temperature of +110 degrees, and preferably with a special steamer.
But the awning canvas, experts, in general, prohibit ironing or acting on it with heating devices.
Before each product is placed in a special storage case, it must be thoroughly dried and carefully folded. Storage rooms must be dry and have a good ventilation system.
To extend the service life of products of this group of products, manufacturers recommend washing and ironing only in very extreme cases, and before starting these procedures, carefully study the instructions for their use and care rules. This information can be found on the product tag.
Tent fabric is a unique material that has a wide scope and is used in various areas of human life. The canvas is most popular in the manufacture of tents and tents, but there are other groups of goods that are sewn from this material:
- hiking bags and backpacks;
- outerwear of travelers and tourists;
- raincoats and capes;
- uniforms of military, hunters and fishermen;
- suitcases, shopping bags and valises;
- tents and canopies for exhibition and trade tents;
- shelters for summer areas, car parks, industrial and sports areas;
- cloths for shelter of pools and children's sandboxes;
- covers for cars, trailers and river transport;
- advertising signs and stands;
- covers for garden furniture.
See how the tent canvas looks in the next video.