Single boats: varieties and selection criteria
Single boats are very popular among hunters and fishermen. Despite their compact size, they perfectly cope with the tasks assigned to them and meet all safety requirements.
Features and Purpose
Single boats are ideal for avid fishermen, preferring to fish alone, and are ideal for people who do not have a special trailer for transporting full-size boats. Besides, 1-seater models are much cheaper than multi-seat models and are very compact when folded. This makes it easy to transport them to the place of fishing or hunting and does not create storage difficulties.
Another undoubted advantage of single-seat models is their high passability through swamps and overgrown ponds, where it is impossible to pass on a larger craft. This allows you to use them when hunting for waterfowl, during which most of the time you have to wade among coastal vegetation and reeds.
The carrying capacity of some single models reaches 250 kg, which allows you to freely place in them a rich catch or shot game. Moreover, the scope of use of single boats is not limited only to fishing or hunting. Small models are very convenient for a relaxing holiday on the water, rafting and boating.
However, despite numerous advantages, single boats still have disadvantages. These include low payload and the inability to use it in serious ponds and with a large wave.
But for operation on calm shallow rivers and lakes, single variants are ideal, providing its owner with complete privacy and safety of being on the water.
Types and their characteristics
The classification of single boats is carried out according to several criteria, the determining one of which is the material for the manufacture of boats. On this basis, boats are divided into wooden, metal, rubber and polyvinyl chloride.
Lately, wood has been infrequently used for the manufacture of boats, giving way to more modern materials such as neoprene and PVC. Therefore, wooden models are presented mainly home-made punt boats that are made by craftsmen from pine (spruce) boards and light plywood.
Metal single boats are also a thing of the past, however, due to the long term of operation, some of them still remain in the hands of the population. As an example, consider unique collapsible model "Baby"having a length of about 2 m and weighing only 20 kg. As production material, a lightweight aluminum alloy was used, due to the elasticity of which the sections were made by cold stamping.
The thickness of the sheets was 1.5 mm, and the rigidity of the structure was ensured thanks to special corrugations having a semicircular section. The assembled boat was very compact, which allowed it to be transported even by public transport.
Currently, the "Baby" model is not available, but those who have it, are happy to use this light and very reliable craft.
More recently, rubber single boats were at the peak of popularity, pushing into the background wooden and metal models. They were ideally suited for operation in clean reservoirs, where there were no underwater surprises in the form of snags, remnants of reinforcement and sharp stones. However, on the reeds and dense thickets of coastal shrubs it was dangerous to go out on such models. The rubber layer was easily pierced even by a broken branch, creating a dangerous situation.
In addition, after several years of operation, glued seams began to disperse, and the rubber itself dried and cracked under the influence of sunlight. Craftsmen glued their rubber little ships many times and patched them, but sailing on such a boat was a rather dangerous undertaking, and the fishermen acted at their own peril and risk.
The advent of single-seat boats made of reinforced polyvinyl chloride has revolutionized the small craft market. and brought PVC models to the unconditional sales leaders. At the moment, they are the most reliable and durable products and have no competitors in their field. Models consist of PVC 2-9-layer performance, They are distinguished by high strength and wear resistance, are not afraid of high temperatures and do not lose their working qualities under sunlight. Moreover, it is very difficult to pierce the material, which makes it possible to use boats for hunting in swamps and coastal fishing.
In addition to strength, the high rigidity of the material should be noted, which together with excellent elasticity gives the boat excellent buoyancy and maneuverability. A light single-seat vessel is capable of moving through water at high speed even in the presence of high waves.
In addition, PVC models are quite repairable and do not lose their characteristics after installing patches.
The next criterion for the classification of single boats is the type of construction. On this basis, rowing and motor models are distinguished, as well as their hybrids - motor-rowing boats.
- Motor boats equipped with a special transom on which the outboard motor is installed. All transom models are equipped with oarlocks and can be controlled by oars in the event of a motor breakdown or the need for silent movement. Unlike oar samples, motor boats are made of a denser material that can tolerate increased loads when the vehicle moves at high speed. In addition, most of them have a reinforced hard bottom, which allows you to freely get up in the boat without fear of a coup.
Single engine models are designed for operation in inland water bodies of medium depth with moderate and strong currents.
- Motor Rowing Models equipped with a mounted transom, which, if necessary, can be removed and left ashore. Such boats are considered more versatile, since you can install a motor on them at any time, and if it is not needed, then use oars.
Models can be used on medium-depth ponds with a moderate current.
- Single rowing boats are the most budget option and are in high demand. Models are equipped with convenient oarlocks that securely lock the paddle and prevent it from slipping into the water.
The boats are ideally suited for use in calm, shallow waters with little or no standing water.
The next criterion for the classification of single boats is the execution of the bottom. On this basis, they allocate models with a solid and inflatable bottom. The former use solid materials, such as moisture-proof plywood or sheet aluminum, to enhance the rigidity of the floor. For the second, the bottom is pumped separately, which makes them somewhat lighter than models with a hard bottom.
And at the end of the review, it’s worth saying on models equipped with an inflatable keel located under the bow of the boat. The presence of the keel allows you to develop greater speed when entering the gliding path and increases the stability of the boat at high waves.
Moreover, the lower part of the inflatable keel is equipped with a durable rubber insert that does not allow it to touch the bottom of the reservoir.
How to choose?
When choosing a single boat you need to pay attention to a number of important points.
- Despite the fact that watercraft designed for one person are available in lengths from 200 cm, for greater convenience, it is recommended to choose models at least 250 cm in length. This will allow you to freely arrange fishing or hunting equipment and not to share centimeters of area with prey or catch. This is especially true for motor boats, because buying too short a model can result in a coup.
- Pay attention to weight. Most models weigh from 10 to 50 kg, so when buying, you need to consider how the boat will be delivered to the reservoir. If there is a car, this factor does not play any role, but if you plan to carry the boat behind your back, then this point must be taken into account.
- Carrying capacity It is also an important selection criterion and depends on the type and purpose of the boat. So, when buying a motorboat, it is better to give preference to a load capacity of at least 250 kg. This will allow you to install a gasoline engine, lay a tent, sit down yourself and fold the catch.
- Of great importance is the bottom material. If the boat is purchased for fishing, it is preferable to choose models with a wooden or metal bottom, which cannot be damaged with a sharp hook or knife. You can choose an inflatable bottom, however, for greater safety, you should cover it with linoleum or thin plywood.
- If the boat is purchased for secluded walks in quiet water, then the best option will be purchase of a mini-model with dimensions of 120x55 cm and a cylinder diameter of 40 cm. The weight of such models barely reaches 20 kg, which allows you to take them with you on hiking trips. The carrying capacity of the "kids" varies from 100 to 150 kg, the bottom is rigid, there is no built-in transom. The bench in such models is often replaced by a pillow designed for one person.
The modern market is a huge selection of single boats, The best samples of which are discussed below.
- Model "Pelican 255T" - This is a motor boat with a stationary transom weighing 18 kg. The product is made of reinforced PVC and coated with a layer of polyurethane, equipped with a convenient carrying case, consists of two chambers and is equipped with an Italian valve. The boat's carrying capacity is 160 kg, which allows not registering it with the State Inspectorate for Small Vessels. Dimensions of the model - 255x125 cm, cylinder diameter - 36 cm, price - 15960 rubles
- Rowing model "PVC Tuzik 1" It belongs to the budget category and costs only 12,500 rubles. The carrying capacity is 170 kg, length - 220 cm, width - 110 cm, cylinder diameter - 32 cm, weight - 8 kg.
- Boat "Dive 2" It is made of reinforced rubber, weighs 16 kg and is available in dimensions of 260x110 cm. The height of the cylinder is 30 cm, the carrying capacity is 220 kg, the bottom is single-layer, in some modifications it is inflatable. Cost - from 7000 rubles.
See the following video for an overview of a single boat.